Auto Recycling World, revista reconocida internacionalmente sobre el reciclaje de vehículos fuera de uso, ha publicado un artículo de Meritxell Barroso, gerente de ECONIA, sobre los desafíos del reciclaje de los vehículos en España:
Every year, end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) generate between 7 and 8 million tonnes of waste in the European Union, which must be managed correctly.
The legislation on end-of-life vehicles (ELV Directive) aims at making dismantling and recycling of this waste more environmentally friendly. It sets clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of the ELVs and their components.
This legislation was transposed into the Spanish legal system in 2002 (RD1383/2002), which meant significant advances in the management of ELVs.
Firstly, the legislation guaranteed the delivery of ELVs to specifically authorised treatment facilities (ATFs) and therefore, the end of abandonment of this type of waste. It led to a significant professionalisation and technification of ATFs, to ensure correct environmental management of the elements extracted from the vehicle and the recovery of parts and components. Moreover, they are the only facilities that can demonstrate the end-of-life of a vehicle through the issuance of a certificate of destruction.
This legislation also included the application of the extended producer responsibility principle, as well as the possibility of the subscription of voluntary agreements, both aspects related to the achievement of the recycling, recovery and reuse objectives.
Various aspects, such as new legislation published on: waste, its hierarchy, the obligation of the information of agents involved in their production and management and the need to standardise the data that each Member State sends to the Commission annually, in reference of the fulfilment of objectives made the publication of new regulations necessary (RD 20/2017).
The 2017 legislation has been of great help in three aspects:
Since then, it has defined more specifically the operations carried out by these facilities and has included clear objectives of preparation for the reuse of parts and components that must be demonstrated annually.
Despite all these improvements, there are still tasks to be carried out, which are repeatedly demanded by the sector, the main ones being:
Therefore, there is an urge for the assessment and evaluation of this directive, and the publication of a new ELVs Directive that will include these aspects will match the current needs. Also, new legislation with more precise definitions and criteria will oblige Member States to take a step forward in the ELV treatment sector, which we await eagerly.
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